NYLON

TECHNOFABRIC: PRODUCTION AND SALE OF NYLON FIBRE FABRICS.


Nylon is the generic name for linear aliphatic polyamides, chemically related to proteins found in nature, such as silk and wool. This family of fibres is synthesised through a step-by-step polymerisation reaction.
Called a “revolutionary fibre”, Nylon was discovered in the laboratories of the giant DuPont, by researcher Wallace Hume Carothers in 1935. This is the first synthetic fibre in history – a true revolution for the textile fibre industry, with applications in many sectors.
Technofabric produces a wide range of Nylon fibre fabrics – raw, ennobled or dyed – based on customer requests. Thanks to intensive research and development activities, the company has created exclusive technology for achieving maximum dimensional stability for the fabrics and the minimum longitudinal elongation.



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Here is a small guide to learn more about Nylon fibre:



NYLON 6.6 AND NYLON 6: CHARACTERISTICS

Nylon 6.6 and Nylon 6, having very similar chemical properties, were the first to be produced.
Unlike cellulosic fibres, Nylons have a much greater strength. The higher elongation at break values give Nylon 6.6 and Nylon 6 greater resistance to impact, tearing and a better fracture energy. Another quality that is not found in cellulosic fibres is thermal shrinkage – being a thermoplastic material, nylon tends to shrink when exposed to heat.

In detail, the characteristics of Nylon 6.6 and Nylon 6 are:

  • • Immersion in Water: Nylon only undergoes a slight reduction in toughness, which is totally reversible upon drying.
  • • Moisture: The standard regain of moisture for polyester is 4.5%.
  • • Boiling Water: Nylon shrinks and slightly loses its strength due to hydrolysis – this tendency can be more pronounced in the presence of steam and even greater with high-pressure steam.
  • • Heat: Nylon is quite resistant to heat. It is not compromised by temperatures up to 180° C (except in cases of prolonged exposure). Nylon 6.6 melts at 250° C. Nylon 6 melts at 225° C.
  • • Flame: When subjected to flame, nylon tends to melt before catching fire. It burns less easily than cotton and rayon.
  • • Acid Resistance: Nylon shows good acid resistance under normal conditions of use but disintegrates with hot concentrated acids. Nylon is soluble in 80% boiling acetic acid and in formic acid at room temperature.
  • • Alkali Resistance: Nylon is alkali resistant.
  • • Solvents: Nylon is not attacked by normal hydrocarbon, aromatic or chlorinated solvents. It is soluble in phenols, especially in m-cresol. Nylon 6 and Nylon 6.6, rather, react differently to boiling dimethylformamide. Where Nylon 6.6 is soluble, Nylon 6 is insoluble.
  • • Nylon does not undergo microbiological attack and is transparent to ultraviolet light.

THE MEANING OF NYLON

What does the term Nylon mean? There are various urban legends about the choice and meaning of the name Nylon.
Nylon was patented in the years when Japan had blocked silk exports from China, causing much inconvenience for various sectors, especially the wartime production of parachutes. In fact, one theory claims that Nylon is the acronym of Now You Lose Old Nippon. According to other reports, it comes from the abbreviation of “New York London”, again to symbolise the alliance between countries during the Second World War.
In fact, nylon was initially christened by its inventor as Fibre 6.6. Not finding the name to be very commercial, Dupont decided to change it to “No-run”, where run stood for “unravel”. To improve the sound, it was then transformed into “nyl”, three letters without any particular meaning, with the suffix “-on” added to align with the names of other fibres, such as rayon or cotton.



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NYLON FABRIC

Nylon fabric has higher strength and elongation at break values than fabrics in cellulosic fibres.
To design Nylon fabrics, it is necessary to consider the thermoplastic material’s tendency to shrink when heated and to carefully choose the extent the yarn is twisted in order to establish the degree of resistance to abrasion and fatigue.
To achieve woven Nylon with particular mechanical characteristics, it is also possible to use textured yarns, being yarns capable of assuming characteristics of greater volume and elasticity, thanks to thermo-mechanical treatments.
Based on customer specifications, Technofabric produces a wide range of raw nylon fabrics that can even be dyed or combined with other fibres (polyester, cotton, and so on).

Thanks to an exclusive technology developed within the company, nylon fabrics can be subjected to stretching and thermal stabilisation treatments, to achieve maximum dimensional stability and minimum longitudinal elongation (known as crimp).


Nylon fabrics can also be subjected to the following treatments:


  • • Polyurethane treatment
  • • Treatment with water- and oil-repellent substances for impregnation or coating
  • • Treatment with RFL (Resorcinol-Formaldehyde-Latex) for impregnation or coating (single and double-face) to facilitate adhesion
  • • Anti-mould treatment
  • • UV protection


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Our team is at your disposal to guide you in the best choice for your company.

NYLON FABRIC APPLICATIONS

  • • Nylon for sportswear
  • • Nylon for transmission belts
  • • Nylon to support rubberised fabrics in offset printing
  • • Nylon for conveyor belts
  • • Nylon for sails in the nautical sector
  • • Nylon for membranes
  • • Nylon for filters
  • • Nylon for sunshades
  • • Nylon for parachutes

The nylon fabrics produced by Technofabric are used in many fields, including in combination with other fibres (cotton, polyester, etc.).


NYLON FABRICS FOR SPORTSWEAR

Nylon fabrics for sportswear are used for their lightness, water resistance and quick drying. Indeed, such fabrics are used in the production of cycling and running jackets along with ski suits and jackets, in order to guarantee thermal insulation, freedom of movement and protection from the wind.
Request more information about our Nylon fabrics for sportswear: request information.



NYLON FABRICS FOR TRANSMISSION BELTS

The nylon fabrics for transmission belts are used in the machine tool industry, for industrial machinery, fitness equipment and the automotive field. They can be used for toothed, flat, trapezoidal and poly-v belts and guarantee resistance, flexibility and medium or high strength.
Contact our team to find out about all the uses of our nylon fabrics for transmission belts: request information.

NYLON FABRICS FOR CONVEYOR BELTS

Nylon fabrics for conveyor belts guarantee resistance to cutting, wear and maximum tensions. They are used in all industrial fields due to their flexibility and dimensional stability. Request more information about our Nylon fabrics for conveyor belts: request information.



NYLON FABRICS FOR SAILING IN THE NAUTICAL SECTOR

Nylon fabrics for sails in the nautical sector guarantee lightness, practicality, durability and water resistance. Since the 1940s, thanks to their intrinsic characteristics, nylon fabrics have replaced spinnakers made of silk or cotton.
Technofabric produces a wide range of nylon fabrics in combination with other fibres to guarantee the best sails for sailing: request information.



NYLON FABRICS FOR FILTERS

The nylon fabrics for filters can be customised in accordance with the client’s needs. We produce nylon fabrics for industrial filtration that can be employed in various sectors including the pharmaceutical, food, chemical, metallurgical, mining and water treatment industries.
Our team is available to listen to your needs and create the optimal nylon fabrics for your business: request information.



NYLON FABRICS FOR PARACHUTES

Nylon fabrics were first used for military parachutes during World War II after Japan blocked the export of silk from China. Even today, these fabrics are used for the production of parachute materials in combination with other fibres, to ensure lightness, flexibility, strength and resistance. Request a consultation – together we will find the nylon parachute fabric specific to the needs of your company: request information.



Technofabric is at your disposal for the production of nylon fabrics, customised according to your specific needs. Whatever your field of interest, our company can satisfy your requests, thanks to an innovative Research and Development division and production completed entirely within our offices in Costigliole Saluzzo and Piasco, in the Province of Cuneo.
All of our activities are based on precision in the processes, the continuous updating, the rigour of controls, the timeliness of delivery and the passion for what we do. Contact us to find out about our company and the best nylon fabrics at competitive prices. Our team is at your disposal to answer any concerns and guide you in the best choice for your business. request information.



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Production includes
Cotton and cotton blend fabrics as well as synthetic fiber fabrics for various industrial applications

Technofabric is active in the B2B market: from car manufacturing to safety (with Nomex, Aramide, PES, Polyamide yarns and more). This branch of our production mill is expanding quickly today, especially thanks to the great attention we pay to global quality, which reflects in each and every aspect of the company, certified back according to das nach ISO 9001:2008.

Production process

Strict control and punctual delivery allow Technofabric to be a reliable partner, deeply involved in complying with the customers’ requirements. We cooperate with our clients in production, research and development aiming at obtaining a totally customized product.

1
YARN PREPARATION

Winding, warping and sizing

2
WEAVING

Two departments are dedicated to weaving on the most sophisticated looms

3
FINISHING

We use modern sophisticated high-technology machinery for different finishing treatments and apply the most advanced information science systems in order to comply with the requirements of a more and more exacting customer base.